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Answers About HPV




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What is hpv?
The abbreviation, HPV, stands for human papilloma virus. Human papilloma virus is the name given to the group of viruses which includes more than 100 different types, or strains, of the virus.



Hpv Pictures: Oral warts caused by hpv.

Oral wart pictures caused by the HPV virus
 

How common is hpv?
The human papilloma virus is not a new discovery. It dates back many centuries and is a very common infection around the world. The human papilloma virus (HPV) is considered to be the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States.

Approximately 20 million people in the United States have the human papilloma virus. However, most of them don't know that they have the human papilloma virus infection until the symptoms start to appear as genital warts, venereal warts, perianal warts, and vaginal warts (Condyloma Accuminatum).

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How are genital HPV infections spread or transmitted?
There are various ways through which a person can spread or transmit the HPV virus. Men and women both can get infected. Sexual contact is the most common way to transmit genital warts human papilloma virus. Skin-to-skin contact between a sterile person and someone who has genital warts HPV is the primary way to spread the human papilloma virus.

History of anal intercourse in both males and females also contributes to the spread of genital warts human papilloma virus infection.

Oral sex, oral contraceptives, non-sexual causes (fomites), and transmission from mother to baby are also behind the spread of HPV.

Smoking, poor nutrition, lack of hygiene, immunosuppression, crowded or unsanitary living conditions, stress, and the presence of other sexually transmitted diseases or a concurrent viral disease are also some of the factors that spread the human papilloma virus.

After contracting the infection, what are the symptoms of HPV?
Symptoms that indicate an infection of any type of HPV virus can take weeks, months, and even decades to appear. The most common symptom of an HPV infection is the eruption of warts. This is reason why the virus group has papilloma in the name because the word means warts. Infection with HPV may result in two types of symptoms:

 Warts:

  • The different strains of HPV may cause warts on different body parts, such as common warts which grow on hands; plantar warts that show up on feet; and genital warts (also know as venereal warts) that crop up in the genital area and sometimes in the mouth. These warts are visible with the naked eye and can be felt with a finger.

 Dysplasia:

  • Dysplasia is the abnormal cell growth that is considered non-cancerous but that has the potential for developing into cancer if left untreated. HPV infection is a risk factor for cancers in the penis, anus, vulva, and vagina as well as some cancers of the throat, tongue and tonsils.

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Picture showing the HPV virus on a penis

How is HPV diagnosed and what are the symptoms?
After contracting a papilloma infection, it symptoms may or may not appear.

The process of diagnosing HPV includes direct visual examination and a brief review of the patient’s sexual history. Visible warts are synonymous with the human papilloma virus infection. Genital warts (venereal warts or condyloma acuminata), perianal warts, plantar warts, and common warts etc are also considered symptoms of a human papilloma virus infection.

For women, cervical infection can be diagnosed by a colposcopy. In a colposcopy, a magnifying lens called a colposcope is used to see smaller warts. This is a tube-like instrument with a light and lenses which provide a magnified view of the cervix and the nearby vaginal skin.

A pap smear is another test that can detect the presence of any "abnormal cells" in the cervix, uterus and vagina that could be caused by a human papilloma virus infection.

A new HPV test, the Digene Hybrid Capture II test, checks for HPV DNA within the cervical cells. A swab of cervical cells is taken and examined for HPV. This test is only done on women who have received abnormal pap smear results. The test Digene Hybrid Capture II test is not 100% dependable because it can only detect HPV in the area where the sample has been taken.

What are the treatments for human papilloma virus?
At present, no cure or treatment is available to get rid of genital warts virus. However, the symptoms arising from an HPV infection can be taken care of using a number to treatment options.

There are different alternatives to get rid of genital warts (venereal warts), common warts, plantar warts, vaginal warts, and mouth warts as well as the changes in the cervix that may lead to cancer.

Treatments for warts:

• Natural Home Remedy for Genital Warts.

• Genital Warts Treatments can be applied in the privacy of your home.

• Cure for Genital Warts that requires visits to the doctors office.

Treatment for Dysplasia (Abnormal cell growth):

  • There are a variety of ways to eliminate abnormal cell growth caused by HPV. Cryosurgery, the process of destroying cells by freezing, can be used as an effective treatment. However, it usually requires periodic visits to the doctor and must be spread over a period of time.

Why should I get myself treated for symptoms?
There are various reasons to seek treatment for genital warts.

  • Genital warts are highly contagious. As such, risk of transmitting the genital warts HPV infection to a sterile person becomes very high.
  • Due to trauma, genital warts may bleed, so extra care must be taken.
  • Genital warts are unattractive and embarrassing, which can affect your sexual activity and the desire of your partner.
  • Genital warts grow larger and spread onto other areas, possibly causing disfigurement.
  • Due to growth, they may affect bowl movements and sexual activity.
  • Genital warts are difficult to keep clean.
  • Wart may start to itch.
  • Some cases lead to a foul odor or pain.
  • Newborn babies can contract the HPV infection in the delivery process.
  • Multiple infections increase the risk of cervical cancer.

More clear Hpv Pictures


Warts on the penis

What complications may arise due to HPV during pregnancy?
HPV and pregnancy can coexist. Hormonal changes in the body during pregnancy can encourage genital warts to grow in size and in number. Sometimes, genital warts (venereal warts or perianal warts) caused by HPV cause problems during pregnancy and delivery as well as to the newborn baby. An expectant mother who has genital warts HPV can transmit the infection to her baby during birth.

If the child gets infected, the HPV infection shows up in the baby's throat or mouth, which can obstruct its airways. This condition is treatable.

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The tiny white spots in the middle are the warty growths. Click for more clear Hpv Pictures.

HPV picture showing genital wart eruption in the vagina (vaginal warts) which could result in transmission to the baby during birth
 

Can human papilloma virus be the cause of cancer?
All the strains of the human papilloma virus, which cause warts, are referred to as “low-risk types” because they pose a minimal risk of developing cancer.

Other strains may cause abnormal changes in normal cells, which can lead to cancer of the cervix, anus, vulva, and vagina. These strains are referred to as “high-risk types” of the human papilloma virus.

The greatest risk comes from multiple infections. A person infected with one strain of HPV becomes more susceptible to other strains, thereby increasing the risk. It is not necessarily that a papilloma virus infection will develop into cancer, but the risk becomes higher in multiple infections.

Can a person get HPV from a blood transfusion like with HIV?
HPV is known to spread only through skin-to-skin contact that happens during sexual intercourse. HPV does not spread through such bodily fluids as saliva or blood. Blood donors and recipients can be confident that they are not spreading or contracting the human papilloma virus.

Who can be infected by the human papilloma virus?
HPV does not differentiate between the male of female body. Anyone is susceptible to infection from any of the HPV types if they engage in the following activities:

• Sexually active.• Multiple sex partners.
• Sex at an early age.• No condom usage.
• Infection with other STD.

Individuals who smoke and use oral contraceptives are also at risk of contracting the human papilloma virus.

Are there any HPV vaccines?
Researchers have developed an HPV vaccine for the HPV 16 strain, but it is still in the trial stages. However, the results so far are encouraging. Participants who had the shots gained immunity from this common human papilloma virus type. It will be a few years yet before the vaccine will be available to the general public.

 









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